The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gather around me and 2saw some of my disciples eating food with hands that were “unclean,” that is, unwashed. 3(The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders. 4When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles.)
5So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked me, “Why don’t your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders instead of eating their food with ‘unclean’ hands?”
6I replied, “Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: “‘These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. 7They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men.’ 8You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to the traditions of men.”
9And I said to them: “You have a fine way of setting aside the commands of God in order to observe your own traditions! 10For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and ‘Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.’ 11But you say that if a man says to his father or mother: ‘Whatever help you might otherwise have received from me is Corban’ (that is, a gift devoted to God), 12then you no longer let him do anything for his father or mother. 13Thus you nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things like that.”
14Again I called the crowed to me and said, “Listen to me, everyone, and understand this. 15Nothing outside a man can make him ‘unclean’ by going into him. Rather, it is what comes out of a man that makes him ‘unclean.’”
17After I had left the crowed and entered the house, my disciples asked me about this parable. 18“Are you so dull?” I asked. “Don’t you see that nothing that enters a man from the outside can make him ‘unclean’? 19For it doesn’t go into his heart but into his stomach, and then out of his body.” (In saying this, I declared all foods ‘clean.’)
20I went on: “What comes out of a man makes him ‘unclean.’ 21For from within, out of men’s hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, 22greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. 23All these evils come from inside and make a man ‘unclean.’”
24I left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre. I entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet I could not keep my presence secret. 25In fact, as soon as she heard about me, a woman whole little daughter was possessed by an evil spirit came and fell at my feet. 26The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged me to drive the demon out of her daughter.
27“First let the children eat all they want,” I told her, “for it is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to their dogs.”
28“Yes, Lord,” she replied, “but even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.”
29Then I told her, “For such a reply, you may go; the demon has left your daughter.”
30She went home and found her child lying on the bed, and the demon gone.
31Then I left the vicinity of Tyre and went through Sidon, down to the Sea of Galilee and into the region of the Decapolis. 32There some people brought to me a man who was deaf and could hardly talk, and they begged me to place my hand on the man.
33After I took him aside, away from the crowd, I put my fingers into the man’s ears. Then I spit and touched the man’s tongue. 34I looked up to heaven and with a deep sigh said to him, “Ephphata!” (which means “Be opened!”) 35At this, the man’s ears were opened, his tongue was loosened and he began to speak plainly.
36I commanded them not to tell anyone. But the more I did so, the more they kept talking about it. 37People were overwhelmed with amazement. “He has done everything well,” they said. “He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak.”